Date: 6 months ago   Category: Economy

Ukraine is squeezed out from gas transit

Putin and Merkel's last sit-round gathering in Berlin has terminated in correction of a position of Germany on transit of gas through Ukraine. Earlier Angela Merkel categorically said that Ukraine and after a construction of the second turn of the roundabout gas pipeline Nord Stream will remain the transitor of gas. Now the German side has laid down an additional condition: the gas transmission system (GTS) of Ukraine has to be by all means upgraded.

After this the statement expressed opinions that Germans intend to buy GTS as it is possible cheaper. But it is represented that thus the aim if not to squeeze out from gas transit is pursued, then it is essential to weaken positions of Ukraine at the begun negotiations on the new contract for transit of gas after 2019.

Are interested in it both Moscow and Gazprom, and European (first of all German) the corporations which have invested in a construction of Nord Stream.

the Question of modernization of GTS arises not for the first time, but further a talk on creation of consortium and on the huge sums business didn't progress.

For the first time about it was exorcized at the beginning of the 2000th, in the period of "late" Kuchma and Schröder. It were pre-crisis times of a financial boom, and there was enough money then. It was talked of tripartite consortium with participation of Russia as supplier of gas, Germany as largest consumer of the Russian fuel and Ukraine as transitor of gas. The organization of such consortium was represented quite logical, the multi-billion sums, necessary for modernization of GTS, were called, but from this nothing has turned out. Intrigues of Moscow which has intended to start up gas streams bypassing Ukraine became the main reason. Since January, 2006 the train Ukrainian-Russian gas the soldier has begun. Moscow was accompanied by the German capital and officials, and the former German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, will remind, has received very highly paid sinecure in top management of Gazprom.

the Question of consortium has been brought up again at "early" Yanukovych when active implementation of the Nord Stream project has begun. At that time in Naftogaz the cost of modernization of the Ukrainian GTS was estimated at 5 billion dollars. In Gazprom with primordially Russian scope have declared 20 billion dollars, obviously, for the purpose of discredit for justification of refusal of use of our GTS.

the Interest of Ukraine consists in that by creation of tripartite consortium and, respectively, an investment of money and/or other assets "to connect" all parties. It would force the Russian and German sides to refuse roundabout ways. The idea in general sensible, but as we see, it hasn't developed... And after 2014 the consortium with direct participation of Russia became impossible at all.

Now a question has arisen after Putin and Merkel's meeting. She has been in many respects devoted to the second turn of the Nord Stream gas pipeline which is actively constructed now. Commissioning of "Nord Stream-2" is expected within two years. If besides "The Turkish stream" for Russian gas supply to Turkey and the countries of Southern Europe, is put by t into operation



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