Date: a month ago   Category: Hi-Tech

Polusvet-polumateriya: new particles can lead to revolution in the field of computer facilities


Scientists found new particles which can form the basis of future technological revolution based on photon schemes and lead to development of superfast computing methods on the basis of light. Now calculations are based on electronics when electrons are used for coding and transfer of information. Because of certain fundamental restrictions, such as loss of energy in the course of resistive heating, it is expected that photons will come to replacement to electrons and there will be futuristic computers on the basis of light which will be much quicker and more effectively electronic.

of Physics from the University of Exeter took important step in the direction of this purpose, having found new particles which consist half of light, half of substance and which inherit a number of remarkable properties of a decanter. What will succeed electronics? Opening of scientists opens doors to developments of the photon schemes involving the alternative particles known as bezmassovy polaritons of Dirac, for information transfer instead of electrons.

Unique property of particles of Dirac that they imitate relativistic particles without weight, allowing them to travel very effectively. This fact does a decanter by one of the carrying most out materials known to the person. However, despite unusual properties of such materials, it is extremely heavy to

to control them. For example, in the countess it is impossible to include and disconnect electric currents, using simple electric potential that limits potential application of a decanter in electronic devices. This fundamental shortcoming - lack of a nastraivayemost - was successfully overcome by physics from the University of Exeter.

Scientists showed that due to embedding of cellular metasurfaces between two reflecting mirrors and changes of distance between them, it is possible to adjust fundamental properties of polaritons of Dirac in simple, operated and reversible way. It was succeeded to achieve it and therefore that Dirac's polaritons represent mix of components of light and matter. This hybrid character allows to adjust their fundamental properties, manipulating only a light component that cannot be made in the countess.

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