Date: 3 months ago   Category: Society

In Altai remains of the daughter of denisovets and the Neanderthal woman are found


Bone DNA from the Denisovy cave has indicated frequent crossings between local denisovets and the Neanderthal men migrating from Europe.

On the first steps of the development the homo sapiens coexisted side by side with other representatives of the human race, subsequently died out. The most known of them - Neanderthal men, and the most mysterious - denisovets whose separate bones have been found at excavation in the Denisovy cave in Altai. Neither the shape, nor their many other features are known: only separate bones and their fragments and also several teeth are still found. Only the analysis of DNA has allowed to define them as a separate look which, probably, has separated from Neanderthal ancestors about 390 thousand years ago and has died out about 40 thousand years ago.

Are known also the instruments of labor of denisovsky people differing in a big variety and complexity, made of a stone, a bone, sinks - all this was necessary for survival in quite severe climate. Residents of Siberia, denisovets, regularly met "Europeans" - the Neanderthal men migrating on the East, and new work indicates it quite unambiguously. The bone fragment of Denisova 11 found in 2016 and dated age of 50 thousand years was remains of the girl of 11-13 years, the daughter of denisovets and Neanderthal mother. Article of the academician Anatoly Derevyanko, Svante Paabo's paleoantropolog (Svante P?? bo) and their colleagues is published in the Nature magazine.

the Fragment of Denisova 11 is so small (25 x 8 mm) that scientists didn't even manage to establish to what bone he belongs. Nevertheless they could receive 175 milligrams of bone powder, emit from it DNA and establish the full sequence of a genome. It was found out that his about 39 percent correspond to a genome of the Neanderthal man and 42 - the denisovsky person. The first part has been received by the girl from mother, the second - from the father which, however, and weren't thoroughbred, having kept traces of the previous hybridizations of different types of Homo. Apparently, such crossings were quite widespread business.

the Maternal genome of Denisova 11 shows proximity to earlier established Neanderthal man's genome from a cave of Vindiyya in the territory of modern Croatia. Probably, from this area her ancestors migrated about 100 thousand years ago. By the way, genes of the fatherly line have also kept traces of at least one Neanderthal ancestor, though very far, for several hundreds of generations to Denisova 11.

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