Date: 5 months ago   Category: Society

Garbage as business: why in Ukraine don't want to deal with waste


Spontaneous dumps and landfills consistently undermine ecological safety of the country, despite the current legislation about the address with waste. As experts admit, present the status quo to favourably gray processors of garbage, and for the state the "garbage" problem isn't priority.

Annually Ukrainians generate about 10 million tons of household waste from which 0,6 million tons either are processed, or is burned. It is a catastrophic indicator if to compare to the European countries.

"For today in Ukraine is burned by 2,7% of waste and if to take the European Union as an example, then there this figure reaches 26%. If to speak about processing, then the situation is much worse: 43% of waste are overworked and comes back to the EU to consumption, and in Ukraine this figure - only 3%", - the vice-prime minister - the Minister of Regional Development, Construction, and Housing and Utilities Gennady Zubko says. If plastic, glass and paper we still can process

, then with specific types of waste, for example batteries and fluorescent lamps, the situation is badly.

in the country is Today about 6 000 landfills. The total area which is occupied by the Ukrainian dumps is equal to 9 thousand hectares, at the same time 1 thousand hectares fall on illegal grounds.

by words the minister of ecology Ostap Semeraka, 99% of the Ukrainian landfills don't meet modern standards.

so far hasn't influenced the law on sorting of municipal solid waste existing since the beginning of year a situation in any way. Moreover, last year the government has accepted the National strategy of the address with waste till 2030. This document assumes decrease in level of burial of household waste from 95% to 30%.

Experts say that without appropriate infrastructure, somehow musoroperegruzochny stations, sorting lines and the waste-processing enterprises, business won't move off dead center. Today the ball on the side of local authorities, is financing of projects according to the address with household waste in their competence.

In the country, according to information of the Ministry of ecology, work only 22 sorting lines, and from 5 existing incineration plants only one works - the Kiev plant "Energiya". At the same time the Ukraine's first plant on deep processing of municipal solid waste will appear only in two years. It will be constructed under Lviv.

"For years of independence in Ukraine hasn't been constructed any waste recycling plant. All landfills have sputtered out for a long time, they aren't equipped to modern measures. In all cities a situation with garbage identical, nobody makes investments in development of this infrastructure. As a result there is a strong pollution of ground waters. Besides, on any of landfills there can be a tragedy, as on the Gribovichsky dump", - the ecologist Nikolay of >
says according to him, on landfills there is an enormous resource of organic fuel. Moreover, the majority of waste can be reworks

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